The Paris Agreement, which was signed in 2015, is a landmark agreement between countries to tackle climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. India, as one of the world’s largest developing countries, has played a crucial role in the negotiations and implementation of the agreement. In this article, we will explore India’s commitment to the Paris Agreement, its progress so far, and the challenges it faces.
India’s Commitment to the Paris Agreement
India has committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions intensity (GHG) by 33-35% by 2030 from 2005 levels. GHG intensity is the amount of greenhouse gas emissions per unit of economic output. India has also pledged to increase its share of non-fossil fuel-based power generation capacity to 40% by 2030.
India’s progress under the Paris Agreement
India has made significant progress in meeting its commitments under the Paris Agreement. It has installed the world’s largest renewable energy program, with a target of achieving 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022. As of 2020, India has a renewable energy capacity of 90 GW, including 34 GW of solar, 38 GW of wind, and 9 GW of biomass, small hydropower, and waste-to-energy.
India has also launched several initiatives to promote energy efficiency and sustainable development. The National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency has a target of reducing the energy intensity of the country’s GDP by 33% by 2030. The government has also launched the Smart Cities Mission to develop sustainable urban infrastructure.
Challenges faced by India
Despite its progress, India still faces several challenges in meeting its commitments under the Paris Agreement. The country’s reliance on coal for power generation is a significant challenge. India is the world’s second-largest coal consumer and producer, and it is challenging to transition to cleaner sources of energy without disrupting economic growth.
Another challenge is the lack of finance and technology transfer from developed countries. The Paris Agreement requires developed countries to provide financial and technological support to developing countries to help them reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. However, India has not received significant support in this regard.
India’s commitment to the Paris Agreement is vital to the global effort to combat climate change. The country has made significant progress in transitioning to renewable energy and promoting sustainable development. However, it needs to overcome several challenges in meeting its commitments under the agreement. The Indian government needs to work with developed countries to secure the finance and technology transfer necessary to achieve its climate goals.